About "Uniques", "Artist Proofs", "Limited Edition" and "Open Edition" Fine Art Prints

In addition to selling original works from our artists, The TOROSIETE Museum of Contemporary Art publishes Fine Art Prints of many of our artists works featured in our Museum.  All of the Fine Art Prints offered from TOROSIETE are created to the finest of quality standards and are directly authorized by our artists.  Each listing will explain the exact paper and print method used, but here is a guide to understanding the differences between the types of Fine Art Prints you will see listed for sale in our Museum Store.


These prints are expertly crafted from the original artist works on fine art paper uniquely chosen to best represent the original work's color and medium.  The number of issues (copies) of this print is not limited.  All of the Open Edition Fine Art prints will be embossed by the official authorized seal of the TOROSIETE Museum artist but are not hand signed by the artist.  As with all of our Fine Art Prints, we have been specifically authorized by the artist for this production.



Artist Proofs (AP) are the first run that the artist does TOROSIETE in order to calibrate the colors and tonalities on the original painting in order to produce a Limited Edition (LE). Typically there only should be 5 to 8 Artist Proofs or 10% of the amount of the final Limited Edition quantity. If the Limited Edition is going to be of 150 signed and numbered prints, there only should be a maximum of 15 Artist Proofs. What makes APs more valuable and desirable for collectors is that since they are produced to calibrate color and tonalities to produce the Limited Edition run, there are obvious differences between each one of the APs.

An Embellished A/P is when the artist decides to make an even greater difference between each one of the APs by adding painting/medium and sometimes texture over some areas of the AP. Each one of the APs is numbered and signed by the artist, some artists also stamps
them with their seal to assure authenticity. The title, medium, size and copyright details are written on the certificate of authenticity that is provided for  each AP.


After the Artist Proofs are done and the color/tonalities are finalized and locked, the Limited Edition (LE) is run.  In order to be considered a LE, the edition should not be larger than 300 prints. Most artists produce a LE of 50 to 150 maximum in order to make them more selective and increase their value. An Embellished L/E is when the artist decides to retouch each print on the edition by embellishing some areas with color and/or texture, creating
a bit of difference between each one of the LEs. Each one of the LE is numbered and signed by the artist, some artists also stamps them with their seal to assure authenticity. The title, medium, size and copyright details are written on the certificate of authenticity that is provided for each LE.


A Unique is a one of a kind painting produced by its creator on a print (giclée, serigraph, lithograph, etching, etc.) made on either canvas, paper, metal or other printing medium. It could be a defective print or an Artist Proof (AP) that the artist decides to work over it 100% with the original mediums, creating it a total new original version of the painting initially printed. This is not what is referred or known as an embellished print, a process used only on APs and Limited Editions (LEs). In order for it to be given the term “Unique”, the print has to be painted over it 75% to 100% by the artist that created the original painting with the original mediums, then glazed/varnished just as the original will be. It is also signed by the artist either in the front or the back of the painting, and the title, medium, size and copyright written on the Unique’s certificate of authenticity, just as it is in the original.

For all execution purposes a Unique is an original art work but it can’t be called/referred as an original because it was executed over a print. There should be only one (1) to three (3) Uniques (some artists produce up to five (5) or more) and there should be obvious difference of medium and tonalities between each one. Uniques have a lower retail value than the original painting but their value is greater than those of an AP and a LE, making them very popular with new collectors. For collectors that only collect originals, Uniques are the next best thing when the original painting is already sold.